Falls Prevention

A “FALL” is an unexpected event in which the persons results on the floor, ground or lower level. There are many risk factors for falls, below is some advice and warning signs for falls prevention.

Medical Conditions

Neurological, cardiac or other disabling conditions.

Physiological Changes

Poor eyesight, reduced mobility, loss of muscle strength and declining balance.

Environmental Hazards

Ill-fitting shoes, poor lighting, slippery surfaces.

Lifestyle Factors

Excessive alcohol, substance misuse, physical inactivity and loss of balance, particularly among older people.

Social Economic Factors

Poverty, overcrowded housing, sole parenthood, young maternal age, living in an institution such as a nursing home or chronic care facility.

All Older Adults May Be At a Risk Of Falling, But Especially If They Have One Or More Of The Following:

Have had an unexplained trip or fall in the last 6 months.




Have poor balance – need to use a stick or hold onto objects to keep their balance.

Have difficulty with walking or getting up from a knee-high chair.



Are taking 4 or more prescribed medications regularly.

Have dizzy spells, light-headedness, palpitations or low blood pressure.



Are becoming unsteady on their feet, or unable to do as much for themselves as they used to.


Have a visual impairment.


Have a fear of falling.


Are affected by stroke, Parkinson's disease or dementia.